Filtre Teknolojisi

Tarama Testi

  • The leakage test serves to test the filter element for local penetration values which exceed permissible levels (see EN 1822-1). For leakage testing the test filter is installed in the mounting assembly and subjected to a test air flow corresponding to the nominal air flow rate. After measuring the pressure drop at the nominal volume flow rate, the filter is purged and the test aerosol produced by the aerosol generator is mixed with the prepared test air along a mixing duct so that it is spread homogeneously over the cross-section of the duct.

    The particle flow rate on the downstream side of the test filter is smaller than the particle flow rate reaching the filter on the upstream side by the factor mean penetration.

    The manufacturing irregularities of the filter material or leaks lead to a variation of the particle flow rate over the filter face area. In addition, leaks at the boundary areas and within the components of the test filter (sealant, filter frame, seal of the filter mounting assembly) can lead locally to an increase in the particle flow rate on the downstream side of the test filter.

    For the leakage test, the particle flow distribution shall be determined on the downstream side of the filter in order to check where the limit values are exceeded. The coordinates of these positions shall be recorded. 

    The scanning tracks shall also cover the area of the filter frame, the corners, the sealant between filter frame and the gasket so that possible leaks in these areas can also be detected. It is advisable to scan filters for leaks with their original gasket mounted and in the same mounting position and air flow direction as they are installed on site.

    In order to measure the downstream particle flow distribution, a probe with defined geometry shall be used on the downstream side to take a specified partial flow as sample. From this partial flow, a sample volume flow rate shall be led to a particle counter which counts the particles and displays the results as a function of time. During the testing, the probe moves at a defined speed in touching or overlapping tracks without gaps close to the downstream side of the filter element. The measuring period for the downstream particle flow distribution can be shortened by using several measuring systems (partial flow extractors/particle counters) operating in parallel. The measurement of the coordinates of the probe, a defined probe speed, and measurement of the particle flow rate at sufficiently short intervals allow the localisation of leaks. In a further test step, the local penetration shall be measured at this position using a stationary probe.

    The leakage tests shall always be conducted using MPPS particles (see EN 1822-3), except for filters with Membrane medium as per Annex E of this standard. The size distribution of the aerosol particles can be checked using a particle size analysis system (for example a differential mobility particle sizer, DMPS).

    The leakage testing can be carried out using either a monodisperse or polydisperse test aerosol. It shall be ensured that the median particle diameter corresponds to the MPPS particle diameter, at which the filter medium has its minimum efficiency. When testing with a monodisperse aerosol, the total particle counting method can be used with a condensation nucleus counter (CNC) or an optical particle counter (OPC; e.g. a laser particle counter).

    When using a polydisperse aerosol, an optical particle counter shall be used which counts the particles and measures their size distribution.

    If scan testing is carried out as an automatic procedure it also allows determination of the mean efficiency of the test filter from the measurement of the particle concentration. The mean particle concentration on the downstream side is calculated from the total particle number counted while the probe traverses the passage area. The reference volume is the volume of air analyzed by the particle counter over this period of time. The particle concentration on the upstream side of the test filter shall be measured at a representative position on the duct cross-section. This method for determining the integral efficiency is equivalent to the method with fixed probes specified in EN 1822-5.

Hava Filtreleri

Hepa Filtre, Karbon Filtre, Temiz oda,

Torba Filtre, Kaset Filtre, Panel Filtre, Kompakt Filtre